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TextEdit

Lunheng, ShiyingEdit

Chinese originalEdit

猶今府廷畫皋陶、觟𧣾也。

儒者說云:觟𧣾者、一角之羊也,性知有罪。皋陶治獄,其罪疑者,令羊觸之。有罪則觸,無罪則不觸。斯蓋天生一角聖獸,助獄為驗,故皋陶敬羊,起坐事之。此則神奇瑞應之類也。

English translation (James Hsü, 1999)Edit

At present in the courtyards of public buildings, Gao Yao’s xiezhi is painted.

Scholars declare that the xiezhi is a goat with one horn, which by instinct knows the guilty. When Gao Yao, administering justice, was doubtful about the guilt of a culprit, he ordered this goat to butt it. It would butt the guilty, but spare the innocent. Accordingly, it was a sage animal born with one horn, a most efficient assistant in judicial proceedings. Therefore did Gao Yao hold it in high respect, using it on all occasions. Consequently, it belonged to the class of supernatural creatures of good omen.

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